How to install Ubuntu Server 18.04 LTS

How To Install Ubuntu Server 18.04 Lts
How To Install Ubuntu Server 18.04 Lts
ubuntu server

In this guide, we take a look at how to install Ubuntu server 18.04 LTS. Recently, it was all smiles and jubilation after Canonical announced that it has extended support for Ubuntu 18.04 from 5 years to 10 years! Amazing, isn’t it? Installing Ubuntu server is a walk in the park given that there is a beautiful wizard to take you through the entire process.

Install Ubuntu Server 18.04 LTS

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install the latest server version that will enable you to run applications and other services.

Installation Requirements

Before getting started, ensure you have the following in your checklist

  • Installation Media – USB drive or DVD
  • ISO image of Ubuntu server 18.04 LTS You can download the ISO from this link
  • 2 GHz Dual Core processor
  • 25 GB of Hard Disk space
  • Installation Media ( Either DVD / USB drive)
  • Internet Access for downloading necessary updates

With the above requirements met, we’re all set and ready to go!

Install Ubuntu Server 18.04

Step 1: Burn the ISO Image

The first step is to burn the ISO image onto a blank DVD drive or make a USB drive bootable. There are plenty of free software tools at your disposal for this task.

Here are a couple of such tools:

Power ISO  – A powerful DVD, CD burning software. Check out the official website

Rufus – Used for making your USB drive bootable. Check out the official website

When the process is complete, take the DVD, and insert it into the drive of the computer you want to install the server on.

Ensure that your installation medium is set as the first priority in the ‘Boot Order of the System’ set up. Thereafter, you can restart your system and get rolling!

Step 2. Choose the Language

After setting the boot order, you’ll be presented with the screen shown below, which requires you to choose your preferred language. Make your selection and hit ‘ENTER’.

Choose language
Choose language

Step 3. Select Keyboard Layout

Next, select the preferred keyboard layout and hit ‘ENTER’.

select keyboard layout
Select keyboard layout install Ubuntu Server 18.04

Step 4. Select Ubuntu or MAAS (Metal As A Service)

You will then have a list of various platforms to install Ubuntu. Select the first choice to install Ubuntu normally on a PC. The other two options titled ‘Install MAAS’ facilitate cloud provisioning for physical servers.

Since we are doing the installation on a PC, we select the first choice and hit ENTER.

Choose platform
Choose platform

Step 5. Network Settings

At this point, you will be required to select the network adapter and accept automatic assignment of the IP address if your system is configured in a DHCP server environment. Alternatively, you can choose to manually configure the IP address.

In this example, the server has obtained IP from a DHCP server using the network adapter enp0s3.

Network connections
Configure Network connections

Step 6. Proxy Settings

The next screen will prompt for your proxy server address. If none is available, proceed and Hit ENTER to move to the next step

Configure proxy settings
Configure proxy settings

Step 7. Select network mirror

Next, you will be asked to enter the address of the network mirror.

Leave the default mirror selected, unless you want to change it to some other address you prefer.

Configure mirror
Configure mirror

Step 8. Hard Disk Setup

This step prompts you to configure your hard disk as per your usage of the disk during the installation process.

You have the freedom to use the entire disk if no other operating system is installed or you can opt to configure manually and make a few changes

File system setup
File system setup

Step 9. Choose hard disk to install to

Next, select the hard disk you are going to install Ubuntu server 18.04 on. In this case, I’m using VirtualBox to install Ubuntu server 18.04.

If you have multiple hard drives, they will be listed for you to select.

Configure File System
Configure File System

Step 10. File System Summary

Now you can verify if everything is OK and click done.

If you noticed that you made a mistake and need to make further adjustments, hit ‘BACK’.

If you wish to start all over with the disk setup and partitioning, hit ‘RESET’

File system setup
File system setup

Step 11. Confirm Changes

To confirm changes made to the hard disk, hit ‘CONTINUE’. This action will mark the beginning of the installation process.

Confirm changes
Confirm changes

Step 12. Provide User Login credentials

Provide the necessary login credentials and hit ‘DONE’

Profile Setup
Profile Setup

Step 13. Select Server snaps

This is a new step in the installation of Ubuntu Server. This step allows you to choose from a list of selected Server Snaps. What this means is that you can choose to have a pre-configured server.

Some of the choices include

  • Kubernetes
  • Docker
  • Next cloud
  • Canonical Live patch

Select your preferred choice, or if you do not wish to have any of them, simply hit ENTER.

Select server snaps
Select server snaps

The installation process will begin. This will take about 10 minutes, although it could vary depending on the RAM and CPU of your server.

Installing systems
Installing systems

Step 14. Complete the Installation

Finally, the installation will wrap up and you will be prompted to reboot your server! Hit  ‘REBOOT’ and remove the installation media. VirtualBox will automatically do this for you.

ubuntu server 18.04 server installation complete
ubuntu server 18.04 server installation complete

Step 15. Log in to the server

Finally, a black screen will appear prompting for your username and password. Provide the credentials you created earlier and hit ‘Enter’. Thereafter, some system information will be displayed as shown below.

ubuntu log in
ubuntu log in

Thereafter, update and upgrade the repositories to their latest definitions.

Awesome! Congratulations for making it this far. We have finalized our installation process of Ubuntu 18.04 server. Feel free to leave your comments or questions. Also, don’t forget to share this on your social platforms.